Fragments are incomplete sentences; so, they are also incorrect. Two common types of incomplete sentences are often use, especially in speaking. ( … read the full article)
When it comes to joining clauses, mistakes are almost unavoidable (here I am talking about ESL learners). There are three ways of joining clauses correctly. ( … read the full article)
Clauses are joined by a large variety of words. These clauses (that are joined by different words) are called complex sentences. Complex sentences contain at least two clauses: one main clause (also called independent clause) and at least one dependent clause. Dependent clauses are divided into three categories: adjective clauses, adverb clauses, and noun clauses. ( … read the full article)
1. Commands are the simplest complete sentences in English language. Commands in second person consist of the simple form of the verb with or without modifiers. The subject “you” is not stated. ( … read the full article)
A noun may be a person, a place, an object, an activity, an idea or emotion, or a quantity. A noun can be concrete (physical, tangible) or abstract (nonphysical, intangible). Both types (concrete and abstract) can be classified in two categories: countable nouns and uncountable nouns (count nouns and non-count nouns; some books will use this terminology). ( … read the full article)
A sentence is a group of words or sub-clauses that expresses a complete idea. A sentence must contain at least one subject and one verb (sometimes the verb is followed by an object or a complement).
Note for Vietnamese students (for 95% of them): As you can see in the above, every sentence contains at least a verb. Please, use verbs in speech!
Types of sentences
There are 4 basic types of sentences: statement, question, exclamation and command.
- a statement sentence gives information; it is the most commonly used type of sentence (I enjoy swimming; I love English etc.)
- a question sentence is used to ask for information (Where are you from? Why do you live in Vietnam? Etc.). This type of sentence finishes with “?” (question mark).
- an exclamation sentence is used to express ( … read the full article)
Comparative adjectives are words used to compare people and things.
Ex: I am taller than my wife.
For comparing actions we use comparative adverbs.
Ex: My wife rides the bike more slowly than me.
You can also use (not) as + (adjective/adverb) + as
Ex: My daughter isn’t as tall as my wife.
|Adjective||Comparative||How to for comparatives|
|Short||Shorter||For one syllable adjective just add -er|
|Big||Bigger||If the adjective finishes in one vowel + one consonant then form the comparative form by doubling the final consonant and adding -er|
|Busy||Busier||If the adjective finishes in consonant + y then form the comparative form by replacing y with i and adding -er|
|Relaxed||More relaxed||For two or more syllables form the comparative adjective by adding more before adjective|
This article has been greatly improved by Mr. Kimmo Kosunen.
Prepositions play a large part in the structure of the English language and, although “Prepositions” seems an easy topic at first glance, it causes much difficulty to the ESL/EFL learners. I find this topic extremely difficult (maybe I should say ‘confusing’) because there is no logical reason why one preposition is right in a certain context while another is wrong. Take a look at the examples below:
1. Get on the bike (exactly like a book is on the table, you are on the bike, basically you sit on the bike)
2. Get on the bus (this one doesn’t make sense for me at all, I am more likely to say ‘Get in the bus’, because I consider a ( … read the full article)
Articles are always a problem for EFL/ESL learners especially for Vietnamese learners of English. Why?
Vietnamese language makes use of classifiers which have different functions with articles. Some will say that there are no articles in Vietnamese language. There are many classifiers in Vietnamese and they are used as articles. I just know basic Vietnamese so please correct me if I am wrong. Anyway, I try to find the most appropriate Vietnamese word for English articles in my examples and of course I have tried to keep it simple.
Articles are necessary in a noun phrase in order to indicate whether the noun is definite or not. There are some situations when the article can be omitted.
English articles are divided into two categories: indefinite and definite. ( … read the full article)